Vintage Pair of English Matching Mantle Staffordshire Spaniel Dog Figurines. I believe these are authentic Staffordshire based on the following assessment. A pair of matching Staffordshire Dogs. Sometimes known as flat backs, wally dogs, comforters, hearth spaniels or fireplace dogs.Measure 12" tall, by 12" across, by 4 wide. Made in Staffordshire England in the first part of the 20th century. Hand painted white with gold accents and yellow painted eyes. One is perfect, the other has had a foot repaired. No crazing or glaze flecks. Small gold trident shapes with a gold collar, tag and chain. Eyes are painted bright yellow and black. Brows, nose and whiskers are black as well! Condition is outstanding and excellent! I believe these are authentic Staffordshire made before 1923 based on the following identifying details. Real Staffordshires had no makers marks. Reproductions were made by many other companies and usually showed their makers mark or fake Staffordshire. Fine brush strokes are on the muzzle and the detailing and the overall molding in the tails, legs, ears hair. Old pieces generally show at least some fine strokes of a paint brush like at the muzzle and the gold details; modern pieces are often colored by swabs or sponges. Details are added over the glaze and after the firing and more than likely will show wear. Most old dogs show at least some painting on the back side; many new pieces have no painting on the back.
These do not, however old dogs also generally show more detail in the overall molding especially in the tails, legs, ears and modelled hair as do these. These dogs have dulled gold luster.
Old gold nearly always shows some wear; new gold usually shows none. Most old gold is relatively soft colored with a dull luster; much of the new gold has a mirror-like highly reflective surface.
When newsprint is held up to it the image is foggy whereas new dogs would be a perfect mirror image. The spots are randomly placed on each dog and there are differences in the eye and muzzle painting. Slight variations will exist in size, painting, mold detail and signs of normal wear developed over the years.
Reproductions, on the other hand, are frequently identical matches because each is a result of modern mass production and uniform quality control. Be suspicious of a pair of dogs that match perfectly in every respect. The pair does not have underside casting holes. The main difference between old and new is that old figures (with virtually no exceptions) were made in press molds ; new figures are made in slip molds in the process called slip casting. The dime size or larger holes left in the base of slip cast pieces are an easily detected sign of a modern reproduction.Although some original figures were produced by slip casting, they are extremely few in number. A typical old base does not have casting holes, this pair do not. There is a firing hole to release pressure during heating on the back. The number 1 appear on the bottom of the dogs. There were 6 sizes of Staffordshires made.
Numbers are not a guarantee of age. The glaze is uniform and does not appear aged.
New dogs have perfectly smooth and even underside surface. Glaze on old pieces is usually the same over the entire figure. Glaze on many new dogs, however, is intentionally "aged" or "stressed" on normally exposed areas but frequently left unaltered on the underside. This pair has some pieces of debris under the glaze.
Old bases also generally show some signs of the fairly crude, low cost production methods and relatively unskilled labor that made them. Such signs include bits of debris, firing lines glaze frizzle, bumps and pitting and burst bubbles in the glaze and paint drips or runs extending from the sides down and around to the bottom. Older dogs have gleaming white glaze visible in this pair.
Newer dogs have a grayish cast to their coloring. The item "STAFFORDSHIRE DOG AUTHENTIC 2 Vintage English Mantle Spaniel 12 H Mid 19th" is in sale since Sunday, December 15, 2019. This item is in the category "Pottery & Glass\Pottery & China\Art Pottery\Staffordshire".6672" and is located in Port Austin, Michigan. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, South africa, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi arabia, Ukraine, United arab emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Malaysia, Chile, Colombia, Costa rica, Dominican republic, Panama, Trinidad and tobago, Guatemala, El salvador, Honduras, Jamaica, Gibraltar, Iceland, Uruguay, Russian federation.